USA: Trafficking of Migrant Laborers in San Diego County, NIJ-Funded Study

San Diego State University, USA by Sheldon X. Zhang, Ph.D., Principal Investigator, for The Department of Justice (11/12) — “Based on these assumptions, we estimate that there are 38,458 are victims of labor trafficking violations in San Diego County. Using the San Diego findings to guestimate national figures, there could be as many as 2,472,000 trafficking victims just among unauthorized Mexican immigrants in the U.S., of which 495,293 are in California.”

“We estimate that more than 30% of our target population [unauthorized Spanish-speaking migrant workers] are victims of labor trafficking, and 55% are victims of abusive labor practices or gross exploitations.”

“Construction leads the pack with the highest rate of reported trafficking violations (35%) and abusive labor practices (63%). Janitorial and cleaning businesses come in second, with 36% of respondents reporting violations and 59% reporting having experienced abusive labor practices. Landscaping businesses are not far behind, with 27% reporting trafficking violations, and 60% experiencing abusive labor practices. In contrast, agriculture, which employs most undocumented laborers in the northern part of San Diego, has the lowest rate of both reported trafficking violations (16%) and abusive labor practices (27%).”

Please click below for the full PDF of the final report:
Final Report: Looking for a Hidden Population: Trafficking of Migrant Laborers in San Diego County

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