Human Trafficking

“Knowledge makes a man unfit to be a slave.” ~ Frederick Douglass (1818-1895), Former Slave + Abolitionist

Human Trafficking

United Nations Initiative

FACTS

  • 27-30 million slaves today
  • Up to 1.8 million new children enters the sex trade each year in the world (UNICEF)
  • 80% of victims are girls & women (UNODC)
  • Up to 300,000 domestic youth are sexually exploited into prostitution each year in the U.S. (Shared Hope International)
  • 800,000 people are trafficked trans-nationally every year.
  • Human trafficking is the 2nd more lucrative crime industry in the world behind drug trafficking and ahead of weapons trafficking…up to $32B in profits by criminals (ILO)
  • Shared Hope International estimates there are at least 72,500 people engage in buying sex in prostitution in Washington State alone…see report.

Definition: “Human trafficking is the acquisition of people by improper means such as force, fraud or deception, with the aim of exploiting them (UNODC).”

Article 3, paragraph (a) of the Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons defines Trafficking in Persons as the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion, of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power or of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of others or other forms of sexual exploitation, forced labour or services, slavery or practices similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of organs.

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RESOURCES

White House’s Fight to End Human Trafficking

Trafficking in Persons Report (U.S. State Dept): 2015 TIP REPORT

Sex Trafficking | Labor Trafficking (Facts Sheets by IJM)

A National Overview of Prostitution and Sex Trafficking Demand Reduction Efforts by U.S. Department of Justice

The Slave and the Porn Star: Sexual Trafficking and Pornography

Sex Trafficking: Identifying Cases and Victims

Promising Practices in Combating the Sexual Exploitation of Girls in Gangs

Against Prostitution and Human Trafficking for Sexual Purposes by Sweden Government

Targeting Sex Buyers

Federal Law: William Wilberforce Trafficking Victims Protection Reauthorization Act (TVPRA) 2008-2011

State Laws: LexisNexis’ Survey of US States’ Laws on Human Trafficking

Directory of Training and Technical Assistance Resources for Anti-Human Trafficking Task Forces and Service Providers

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ORGANIZATION LINKS

Dept. of Justice on Human Trafficking

Dept of State: Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons

End Child Prostitution Child Pornography and Trafficking of Children for Sexual Purposes (ECPAT-USA)

ECPAT International

ECPAT’s World Congress III Against Sexual Exploitation of Children and Adolescents

ECPAT’s Combating Child Sex Tourism

Homeland Security

International Labor Organization (ILO) on Forced Labor

UNICEF on Human Trafficking

United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) on Human Trafficking

UNODC Blue Heart Campaign Against Human Trafficking

UNODC Convention on Transnational Organized Crime

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